Growth of an Industrial and Urban America

Explain the causes and consequences – both positive and negative – of the Industrial Revolution and America’s growth from a predominantly agricultural, commercial, and rural nation to a more industrial and urban nation between 1870 and 1930.

6.1.1 Factors in the American Industrial Revolution

Analyze the factors that enabled the United States to become a major industrial power, including
  • gains from trade
  • organizational “revolution”
  • advantages of physical geography
  • increase in labor through immigration and migration
  • economic polices of government and industrial leaders (including Andrew Carnegie and John D. Rockefeller)
  • technological advances

6.1.2 Labor’s Response to Industrial Growth

Evaluate the different responses of labor to industrial change including
  • development of organized labor, including the Knights of Labor, American Federation of Labor, and the United Mine Workers
  • southern and western farmers’ reactions, including the growth of populism and the populist movement (e.g., Farmers Alliance, Grange, Platform of the Populist Party, Bryan’s “Cross of Gold” speech)

6.1.3 Urbanization

Analyze the changing urban and rural landscape by examining
  • the location and expansion of major urban centers
  • the growth of cities linked by industry and trade
  • the development of cities divided by race, ethnicity, and class
  • resulting tensions among and within groups
  • different perspectives about immigrant experiences in the urban setting

6.1.4 Population Changes

Use census data from 1790-1940 to describe changes in the composition, distribution, and density of the American population and analyze their causes, including immigration, the Great Migration, and urbanization.

6.1.5 A Case Study of American Industrialism

Using the automobile industry as a case study, analyze the causes and consequences of this major industrial transformation by explaining
  • the impact of resource availability
  • entrepreneurial decision making by Henry Ford and others
  • domestic and international migrations
  • the development of an industrial work force
  • the impact on Michigan
  • the impact on American society