Factors in the American Industrial Revolution

Need to Reed

Analyze the factors that enabled the United States to become a major industrial power, including
  • gains from trade
  • organizational “revolution”
  • advantages of physical geography
  • increase in labor through immigration and migration
  • economic polices of government and industrial leaders (including Andrew Carnegie and John D. Rockefeller)
  • technological advances

Learning Activity

"Heartland" Follow-Up

Download and complete the 6.1.1 Heartland Follow-Up.pages document.

Key People and Terms

Andrew Carnegie
entrepreneur
corporation
John D. Rockefeller
monopoly
trust
Thomas Edison
free enterprise

Henry Ford
vertical integration


Read

A combination of key factors contributed to industrial growth after the Civil War:
  • gains from trade
  • organizational “revolution”
  • advantages of physical geography
  • increase in labor through immigration and migration
  • economic polices of government and industrial leaders (including Andrew Carnegie and John D. Rockefeller)
  • technological advances

To expand their industries, entrepreneurs took advantage of
  • new technological advances
  • new management techniques
  • available investment capital
  • the abundance of natural resources and immigrant labor
  • the expanding consumer markets at home and abroad

Two leaders of the American Industrial Revolution were Andrew Carnegie and John D. Rockefeller. After the Civil War, Andrew Carnegie used improved technology in the production of steel. He used the new organizational principle of vertical integration to become the most cost effective producer of steel in the world. Carnegie also benefited from the geographic advantages of the American iron ore ranges and their proximity to water transportation or railroads. He profited from the multitude of immigrants who worked for low wages and in poor working conditions. Little government regulation and no income or corporate taxes also aided people like Carnegie.

Do

Group - designate a leader. Leader create a Google Doc and share it to all members in your group and Mr. Bruce. Define the Key terms and provide a quick bio on the key people. This will be the group's working document.

Your group is to choose one of the following 6 factors and together read the corresponding textbook pages:
gains from trade
pages 614-616, 617
organizational “revolution”
pages 608-609, 612-613
advantages of physical geography
pages 578-581
increase in labor through immigration and migration
pages 625-626, 628
economic polices of government and industrial leaders
pages 580-581, 614-616
technological advances
pages 610-612
These small bits come from Chapter 17 and Chapter 18 of the textbook.

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Assessment

Connect three or more of the factors and analyze their role in enabling industrialization. How did a factor combine with other factors to produce increased industry? Organize your response into three well-formed paragraphs.

There will a reflection element as well.